Switzerland topped the rankings with a score of 65.5 out of 100, the eleventh time it has been named the world leader in innovation. Sweden comes second while the United States rounds off the top three.
One of the biggest winners of the ranking was South Korea, which climbed up from rank 10 in 2020 to rank 5 in 2021. China is now the world’s 12th most innovative nation, up from rank 14 in 2020 and 2019 and rank 17 in 2018. China was also named the most innovative upper middle-income country ahead of Bulgaria (overall rank 35), while Vietnam (overall rank 44) came first for lower middle-income countries, followed by India (overall rank 46).